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dc.contributor.authorZamm, Anna
dc.contributor.authorDebener, Stefan
dc.contributor.authorKonvalinka, Ivana
dc.contributor.authorSebanz, Natalie
dc.contributor.authorKnoblich, Günther
dc.date.accessioned2023-11-10T12:16:56Z
dc.date.available2023-11-10T12:16:56Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.issn1749-5016
dc.identifier.doi10.1093/scan/nsaa096
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14018/14165
dc.description.abstractPauses are an integral feature of social interaction. Conversation partners often pause between conversational turns, and musical co-performers often pause between musical phrases. How do humans coordinate the duration of pauses to ensure seamless interaction? A total of 40 trained pianists performed a simple melody containing fermatas (notated expressive pauses of unspecified duration) first alone (Solo) and then with a partner (Duet) while electroencephalography (EEG) was recorded. As predicted, Duet partners’ tone onset synchrony was reduced for tones following pauses. Pauses were shorter in Duet relative to Solo performance, and synchrony of partners’ Duet tone onsets was enhanced for tones following shorter pauses. EEG analysis revealed classic signatures of action preparation during pauses, namely decreases in the power of cortical beta oscillations (13–30 Hz, event-related desynchronization ERD). Beta ERD did not differ between pauses in Solo and Duet performance, but was enhanced for shorter relative to longer pauses, suggesting that reduced pause durations in Duet performance facilitated a neural state of enhanced action readiness. Together these findings provide novel insight into behavioural strategies by which musical partners resolve coordination challenges posed by expressive silence, and capture a clear neural signature of action planning during time-varying silences in natural music performance.
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherOxford Academic
dc.rightsCC BY-NC-ND 4.0
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0
dc.subjectJoint action
dc.subjectDual EEG
dc.subjectAction prediction
dc.subjectMusic performance
dc.titleThe sound of silence: An EEG study of how musicians time pauses in individual and joint music performance
dc.typeJournal article
dc.source.journaltitleSocial Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
dc.source.volume16
dc.source.issue1-2
dc.source.spage31
dc.source.epage42
dc.description.versionPublished version
refterms.dateFOA2023-11-10T13:48:29Z
dc.contributor.unitDepartment of Cognitive Science


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CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as CC BY-NC-ND 4.0