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dc.contributor.authorKoren, Miklós
dc.contributor.authorPető, Rita
dc.date.accessioned2023-08-14T13:31:20Z
dc.date.available2023-08-14T13:31:20Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0239113
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14018/14099
dc.description.abstractSocial distancing interventions can be effective against epidemics but are potentially detrimental for the economy. Businesses that rely heavily on face-to-face communication or close physical proximity when producing a product or providing a service are particularly vulnerable. There is, however, no systematic evidence about the role of human interactions across different lines of business and about which will be the most limited by social distancing. Here we provide theory-based measures of the reliance of U.S. businesses on human interaction, detailed by industry and geographic location. We find that, before the pandemic hit, 43 million workers worked in occupations that rely heavily on face-to-face communication or require close physical proximity to other workers. Many of these workers lost their jobs since. Consistently with our model, employment losses have been largest in sectors that rely heavily on customer contact and where these contacts dropped the most: retail, hotels and restaurants, arts and entertainment and schools. Our results can help quantify the economic costs of social distancing.
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherPublic Library of Science (PLoS)en_US
dc.rightsCC BY 4.0
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectSocial distancingen_US
dc.subjectProfessionsen_US
dc.subjectSocial communicationen_US
dc.subjectEmploymenten_US
dc.subjectJobsen_US
dc.subjectSalariesen_US
dc.subjectRetailen_US
dc.subjectTransportationen_US
dc.titleBusiness disruptions from social distancingen_US
dc.typeJournal article
dc.source.journaltitlePLOS ONE
dc.source.volume15
dc.source.issue9
dc.source.spage1
dc.source.epage14
dc.description.versionPublished version
refterms.dateFOA2023-08-15T01:47:32Z
dc.identifier.eissn1932-6203


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CC BY 4.0
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as CC BY 4.0